Patriarch Gregory V (1746-1821) was born at Demetsana, the Peloponnese. He studied at Athens, Smyrna and Patmos. In 1785 he was elected Metropolitan of Smyrna. He occupied the Throne of the Ecumenical Patriarchate tree times: 1897-1898, 1806-1808 and 1819-1821. He worked tirelessly for the elevation of the standards of the clergy, the cultivation of Greek education and the social welfare of the Romioi. He was hanged on Easter Day 1821 for being involved in the Greek Revolution. His relics are kept in the Cathedral of Athens and his memory is celebrated on April 10.